Marjorie Griffin Cohen, “Can more for-profit health care be stopped? Health care delivery is changing throughout the country“. Canadian Dimension,  March 13, 2023.

Armine Yalnizyan and Pat Armstrong, “In health care it is not privatization to fear, it’s profitization“. Toronto Star, February 2, 2023.

Pat Armstrong and Marjorie Griffin Cohen, “Why for-profit homes won’t solve long-term care issues: Privatizing health services is a bad idea that just won’t go away“. The Conversation, January 2, 2023.

Armine Yalnizyan, “Where is your ER doctor? Cleaning the rooms; there’s no one else there to do it“. Toronto Star, July 20, 2022.

Armine Yalnizyan, “‘Laura’ spoke on condition of anonymity. Her story of what’s happening in nursing is a warning to us all: Burned-out nurses are quitting and turning to temp agencies — setting their hours, choosing assignments, earning far more — and sounding the alarm“. Toronto Star, June 15, 2022.

Pat Armstrong and Marjorie Griffin Cohen, “The Ontario election campaign produced some surprisingly good ideas for Canada“. The Conversation, June 2, 2022.

Pat Armstrong, Marjorie Cohen and Laurell Ritchie, “National Nurses Week: Time to Fix Dire Nursing Shortages“. Rabble, May 12, 2022.

Pat Armstrong, Marjorie Cohen, Laurell Ritchie and Armine Yalnizyan, “Beyond Mother’s Day: Caring for Mothers“. Rabble, May 6, 2022.

Pat Armstrong, Marjorie Cohen, Laurell Ritchie, Leah Vosko and Armine Yalnizyan, “The big issue in the next federal budget should be the Care Economy” Maclean’s. April 17, 2021.

Jacob Lorinc, “‘Don’t mess with moms. Get it done’: 50 prominent Canadian women urge party leaders to prioritize child care.” Toronto Star, September 14, 2021.

Brigitte Young, “Covid-19, Women and the economy—it’s not all about care.” Social Europe, July 12, 2021.

Iglika Ivanova,  “Pandemic has unequal impact on race, gender.”  Vancouver Sun, July 7, 2021.

Naomi Gagoda, “IRS to start monthly payments of child tax credit July 15.” The Hill, May 17, 2021.

Sharon Gregson and Lynell Anderson, “Here’s the roadmap to $10-a-day child care in B.C.” The Vancouver Sun, May 16, 2021.

Mark Rendell, “Canadian economy won’t fully recover until inequality addressed, BoC’s Macklem says,” The Globe and Mail, May 13, 2021.

Juliane Bir and Aline Brüser, The imperative of a gender-sensitive recovery Social Europe, May 12, 2021. 

Emily Peck,  “Policy Makers Used to Ignore Childcare Then Came the Pandemic,” The New York Times, May 9, 2021.

Sophie Mathieu, “Four lessons from Quebec’s early child care model,”  Policy Options, May 4, 2021.

Alex Hemingway, “Why the hold up on paid sick days?  It’s about power.”  Policynote, May 3, 2021.

Edward Keenan, “What would Joe Biden call Doug Ford’s paid sick days?” The Hamilton Spectator, April 30, 2021.

The White House.  Fact Sheet:  The American Families Plan.  April 28, 2021.

David Fairey, “Time for minister of labour to act on worker exclusions from minimum employment standards.” The Vancouver Sun, April 23, 2021.

Ariel Gelrud Shiro and Richard V. Reeves, Class NotesCovid-19 and women’s labor, the care economy, and more.  Brookings Institute ,  April 22, 2021.

Pat Armstrong, Marjorie Griffin Cohen, Laurell Ritchie, Leah Vosko and Armine Yalnizyan “The Care Economy Statement” The Bullet, April 20, 2021.

Marjorie Griffin Cohen, “Budget promises child care but misses opportunities in care economy.” Rabble, April 20, 2021.

Pat Armstrong, Marjorie Griffin Cohen, Laurell Ritchie, Armine Yalnizyan, Leah Vosko.  “A new vision for the role of care in Canada.” Rabble. April 16, 2021.

Colleen Fuller. “We need a better and more caring economy”Rabble, April 16, 2021.

Anne-Marie Slaughter, “Rosie Could Be a Riveter Only Because of a Care Economy. Where Is Ours? The men and women who went to work and war during World War II were backed by a care economy. We need one too.” The New York Times, April 16, 2021. 

Maya Bhullar. “Investing in a feminist economic recovery.”  Rabble, April 13, 2021.

Karl Nerenberg.  “Canada must radically reform disastrous long-term care system.”  Rabble. April 1, 2021. 

Inter-provincial EI Working Group brief to HUMA Parliamentary Committee (Canada) co-signed by 75 organizations, “Making EI Work for Workers” April 2021.

Armine Yalnizyan. “The caring economy is the chokepoint of recovery:  What’s the plan to value the people we know are essential to our well-being?” The Globe and Mail, March 18, 2021.

Kaitlyn Matulewicz and Iglika Ivanova. “To reduce gender inequality, introduce paid sick leave.” The Province, March 08, 2021.

Community Letter Calling for Extension of Federal Income Supports, February 18, 2021.

Armine Yalnizyan and Laurell Ritchie. “Mr. Premier, bring your firecracker: COVID-19 requires two-prong approach to sick days”. The Toronto Star, January 21, 2021.

Australian Work + Family Roundtable, Work + Care in a Gender Inclusive Recovery: a bold policy agenda for a new social contract. December, 2020.

Sarah Kaplan, “How the caring economy can revive us,” Corporate Knights. November 6, 2020.

Andrea Doucet, Sophie Mathieu, Lindsey McKay, “Redesign parental leave system to enhance gender equality.” Policy Options, October 27, 2020.

Andrea Doucet, Sophie Mathieu, Lindsey McKay, Reconceptualizing Parental Leave Benefits in COVID-19 Canada: From Employment Policy to Care and Social Protection Policy, Canadian Public Policy, August 13, 2020.

Armine Yalnizyan and Laurell Ritchie, “CERB cancellation a disaster in the making.” The Toronto Star, June 15, 2020.

Tera van Osch, The gender impact of Coronavirus: How to move to an economy that cares for people and the planet. CIDSE, March 25, 2020.

Heather Boushey, Ryan Nunn, and Jay Shambaugh, eds. Recession Ready: Fiscal Policies to Stabilize the American Economy. Brookings Institute, May 16, 2019.

Ito Peng, “Why Canadians should care about the global care economy” Open Canada, March 16, 2018.

National Coordinating Group on Health Care Reform and Women, The Charlottetown Declaration on the Right to Care (at home), November 2001.


Hugh and Pat Armstrong, “Start Early, Stay Late: Planning for Care”, July 4, 2021. 

Kendra Strauss, “Paid Sick Leave Coming to BC”, CBC On the Coast, May 11, 2021.

SiriusXM channel 167.  Canada Talks, Cahlia Kurtz, Cahlia Kurtz interview with Armine Yalnizyan, The Care Economy, April 22, 2021

Amanda Lang, Bloomberg Markets, BNN Bloomberg News, April 21, 2021, Interview with Armine Yalnizyan, “Investing In the Care Economy.”

TVO, The Agenda.  “Is Child Care Key to Canada’s Economic Recovery?” Steve Paikin interviews Armine Yalnizyan, Alana Powell, and Kate Bezanson,  Apr 20, 2021

Making Care Count: A Conversation with Naomi Klein, Congresswoman Pramila Jayapal & Ipek Ilkkaracan, April 8, 2021.

TVO, The Agenda. “Has Ontario Failed Long-Term Care?” Steve Paikin interview with Pat Armstrong, Peter Shawn Taylor, Vivian Stamatopoulos, Donna Duncan.
Mar 03, 2021


Martha Friendly, Rachel Vickerson, Sophia S. Mohamed, Laurel Rothman and Ngoc Tho Nguyen, Risky Business:  Child care ownership in Canada past, present and future. June 30, 2021.

Iglika Ivanova, Inequality, Employment and Covid-19.  Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, July 2021.

David Pettinicchio, Michelle Maroto, Martin Lukk. “Perceptions of Canadian Federal Policy Responses to COVID-19 among People with Disabilities and Chronic Health Conditions.” Canadian Public Policy, 47, 2. June 19, 2021.

Fei Men, Valerie Tarasuk. “Food Insecurity amid the COVID-19 Pandemic: Food Charity, Government Assistance, and Employment.” Canadian Public Policy, 47, 2. June 2021.

2021 Long-Term Care Report : Trends, challenges and opportunities in an ageing society, Vol. I. Joint Report prepared by the Social Protection Committee (SPC) and the European Commission (DG EMPL).

OECD Report: Measuring What Matters for Child Well-being and Policies. July 2021.

OECD Policy Brief: Measuring What Matters for Child Well-being and Policies. July 2021.

Behind Closed Doors:  Exposing Migrant Care Worker Exploitation During Covid-19.  October 2020.

Pat Armstrong, Hugh Armstrong, Dan Buchanan, Tony Dean, Gail Donner, Arthur Donner, Sharon Sholzberg-Gray, Alex Himelfarb, Steven Shrybman, Investing in Care, Not Profit:  Recommendations to transform long-term care in Ontario. Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, May 2021.

Andrea Doucet, Sophie Mathieu, Lindsey McKay.  “Reconceptualizing Parental Leave Benefits in COVID-19 Canada: From Employment Policy to Care and Social Protection Policy.”  Canadian Public Policy, August 13, 2020.

Nancy Folbre, Leila Gautham & Kristin Smith (2021). Essential Workers and Care Penalties in the United StatesFeminist Economics, 27:1-2, 173-187.

Sara Stevano, Alessandra Mezzadri, Lorena Lombardozzi & Hannah Bargawi (2021). Hidden Abodes in Plain Sight: The Social Reproduction of Households and Labor in the COVID-19 PandemicFeminist Economics, 27:1-2, 271-287.

Katherine A. Moos (2021). Coronavirus Fiscal Policy in the United States: Lessons from Feminist Political EconomyFeminist Economics, 27:1-2, 419-435.

Lyn Craig & Brendan Churchill (2021). Working and Caring at Home: Gender Differences in the Effects of Covid-19 on Paid and Unpaid Labor in AustraliaFeminist Economics, 27:1-2, 310-326.

Heather Boushey, Ryan Nunn, and Jay Shambaugh , eds. Recession Ready: Fiscal Policies to Stabilize the American EconomyThe Hamilton Project, May 2019.

Eric Tucker, Leah F. Vosko, Sarah Marsden.  “What We Owe Workers as a Matter of Common Humanity: Sickness and Caregiving Leaves and Pay in the Age of Pandemics.”  Osgoode Hall Law Journal, Special Issue: Law in the Time of COVID Volume Volume 57, Issue 3 (Fall 2020)

Leah F. Vosko,  “Temporary labour migration by any other name: differential inclusion under Canada’s ‘new’ international mobility regime.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies,  October 2020 online.

Pat Armstrong, Hugh Armstrong, Jacqueline Choiniere, Ruth Lowndes, and James Struthers, Re-imagining Long-term Residential Care in Canada, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, April 24, 2020.

The Canadian Women’s Foundation, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives Ontario, Nonprofit Network, Fay Faraday, Women, Decent Work And Canada’s Fractured Care Economy, The Canadian Women’s Foundation, July 2020.

Jennifer Brennan, Frank Deer, Roopa Desai Trilokekar, Karen Foster, Guy Laforest, Julia M. Wright, Investing In A Better Future: Higher Education And Post-Covid Canada, Royal Society of Canada Briefing Note.  March 29, 2021.

Victoria Esses, Jean McRae, Naomi Alboim, Natalya Brown, Chris Friesen, Margaret Walton-Roberts, Supporting Canada’s COVID-19 Resilience and Recovery Through Robust Immigration Policy and Programs, Royal Society of Canada Briefing Note.  March 2021.

Esyllt Jones, Heather MacDougall, Laurence Monnais, James HanleyCatherine Carstairs, Beyond the COVID-19 Crisis: Building on Lost Opportunities in the History of Public Health, Royal Society of Canada Briefing Note.  March 2021.

Jerome De Henau & Susan Himmelweit. A Care-Led Recovery from Covid-19: Investing in High-Quality Care to Stimulate and Rebalance the Economy. Feminist Economics. March 1, 2021.

The Foundational Economy Collective.

ILO. The Care Economy

UN Women, COVID-19 and the care economy: Immediate action and structural transformation for a gender-responsive recovery. 

UK Women’s Budget Group, “Creating a Caring Economy: a call to action”

New Zealand, “The Wellbeing Budget, 2019”

New Zealand, “Wellbeing Budget: Rebuilding Together, 2020” 

Wellesley Institute, “Federal Budget 2021

Canadian Women’s Foundation et al., “Resetting Normal: Women, Decent Work and Care”

Office of the Auditor General of Ontario.  Covid-19 Preparedness and Management:  Special Report on Pandemic readiness and Response in Long-Term Care.  April 2021

Sylvia Fuller And Yue Qian.  Covid-19 And The Gender Gap In Employment Among Parents Of Young Children In Canada,”  Gender & Society, Vol 35 No. 2, April, 2021. 206–217


ETUC document COVID-19 IS NOT GENDER NEUTRAL: a gender strategy is needed, Syndicat European Trade Union.

Work and Care in a Gender Inclusive Recovery: A Bold Policy Agenda for a New Social Contract.  Work & Family Policy Roundtable, Australia.

Caring about Care, Research project on Early Childhood Education Politics, Policy, and Practice in Canada, Ryerson University.

Inter-provincial EI Working Group brief to HUMA Parliamentary Committee, “Making EI Work for Workers,” co-signed by 75 organizations, April 2021.

Carework Network Statement (USA).

BC Employment Standards Coalition.

UK Women’s Budget Group. A Care-Led Recovery from Coronavirus, June 2020 report.

The Commission on a Gender-Equal Economy, United Kingdom.

Decent Work and Health Network, Ontario.

Good Jobs for All Coalition.

Community Letter Calling for Extension of federal Income Supports, February 18, 2021.


U.S. Council Of Economic Advisers Issue Brief May 2021 Building Back Better: The American Jobs Plan and the American Families Plan.

Stay tuned to this page for frequent updates.